MINUS SPACE’s chronology includes major events, exhibitions, and writings regarding the development of reductive art on the international level.  

To contribute information, please email MINUS SPACE.


year europe south america north america australia / asia / africa
2000 Max Hermann Mahlmann dies in Wedel, Germany

Lothar Quinte dies in Wintzenbach, Germany

Michel Parmentier dies on June 24 in Paris, France
Retrospective exhibition "Gego 1955-1990" at El Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela "Yes Yoko Ono", the first American retrospective of the work of pioneering avant-garde artist Yoko Ono, opens at Japan Society Gallery; Travels through 2003 to the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; and Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami  
2001 The book "Seins-Formen: Über strengen Konstruktivismus in der Kunst" by Hans Heinz Holz is published

Cesar Paternosto curates the exhibition "The Amerindian Paradigm" at the Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium

The Australian Centre for Concrete Art (AC4CA) was founded in Fremantle, Australia

Ernst Hermanns dies in Bad Aibling
Aluisio Carvao dies in Brazil Exhibition "Mies in Berlin" at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

Exhibition "Mies in America" at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY

Dan Christensen retrospective exhibition at the Butler Institute of America Art, Youngstown, OH
Australian Centre for Concrete Art (AC4CA) is founded in Fremantle, Australia

"Constructed Color" exhibitions at Newspace and Artspace in Sydney, and Penthouse & Pavement in Melbourne, Australia; Curated by artist Kyle Jenkins
2002 The exhibition "Conrete Art in Europe after 1945: The Peter C. Ruppert Collection" opens at Museum im Kulturspeicher, Würzburrg, Germany

Georg Karl Pfahler dies in Emetzheim, Germany
  Harvey Quaytman dies in New York, New York

Exhibition "Gerhard Richter: Forty Years of Painting" at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

Al Held solo exhibition at P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, Queens, NY; The exhibition featured his late large-scale works

The Harwood Museum of Art organizes a major exhibition of Agnes Martin's work, “Paintings from 2001”, and a symposium on the occasion of her 90th birthday

Jo Baer retrospective exhibition at the Dia Center for the Arts, New York, NY

Stark Gallery in New York City closes in July

John Meyer dies
2003 "Kazimir Malevich: Suprematism" exhibition at Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin, Germany

PAINTBOX extensions is founded in Copenhagen, Denmark; the project focuses on the specific aspects of contemporary painting; curated by Michael Mork and Ruth Campau (2003-2004)

Olivier Mosset mounts retrospective exhibitions at the Musee Cantonal des Beaux-Arts de Lausanne and Kunstmuseum St. Gallen; Organized by Lionel Bovier and Roland Waspe, the exhibition includes 90 works and focuses on the large-format monochromes produced in 1990 for the Venice Biennale and the "shaped canvases" of the '90s
  On May 18, Dia Art Foundation opens Dia:Beacon in Beacon, New York, to house its collection of art from the 1960s to the present

"Kazimir Malevich: Suprematism" exhibition at the Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY, and The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas

MINUS SPACE is founded on August 1 in Brookyn, New York

Exhibition "Primary Matters: The Minimalist Sensibility, 1959 to the Present" at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (fall)

Manny Farber traveling retrospective starts at the Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, CA

Fred Sandback commits suicide on June 23 in his studio, New York, NY
Sydney Non Objective is founded in Sydney, Australia

Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, mounts a major survey exhibition that documents Central Street gallery (1966-70); The gallery introduced “hard edge” abstraction into the canon of Australian art and preempted the genesis of conceptual and performance art in the 1970s; Artists include Gunter Christmann, Max Cullen, James Doolin, Barry Hirst, Michael Johnson, Tony McGillick, Ian Milliss, Harold Noritis, Alan Oldfield, Wendy Paramor, Rollin Schlicht, Joseph Szabo, Vernon Treweeke, Dick Watkins, John White and Normanna Wight
2004 Exhibition "Monocromos" at Reina Sofía in Madird, Spain (summer)

Konsortium is founded in Dusseldorf, Germany

Aurelie Nemours mounts a major retrospective at the Le Centre Pompidou, Paris, France

Cesar Paternosto moves to Spain
Lygia Pape dies on May 3 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Charles Josef Biederman dies on December 26 at his home in Red Wing, Minnesota; He leaves his entire estate to the University of Minnesota's Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum in Minneapolis, consisting of more than 200 paintings, 100 reliefs, 800 drawings, correspondence and journals

Exhibition "Beyond Geometry: Experiments in Form 1940s-70s" at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA; Curated by Lynn Zelevansky; Travels to Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL

Exhibition "Singular Forms (Sometimes Repeated): Art from 1951 to the Present" at the Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY

Exhibition "A Minimal Future?: Art as Object 1958-1968" at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

Exhibition "Latin American & Caribbean Art: MoMA at El Museo" at the El Museo del Barrio, New York, NY, featuring major proponents of Concrete and Neo-Concrete art from South-America

Exhibition "Inverted Utopias: Avant-Garde Art in Latin America" at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Exhibition "Nothing Compared to This: Ambient, Incidental, and New Minimal Tendencies in Current Art" at the Contemporary Art Center, Cincinnati, OH

Donald Judd retrospective exhibition at the Tate Modern, London, England (Feb-Apri)

Robert Smithson traveling retrospective exhibition starts at the Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

Lee Lozano retrospective exhibition at P.S.1 in Queens, NY

"Dan Flavin: A Retrospective" at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; Travels to Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX in 2005

Exhibition "James Lee Byars: The Perfect Silence" at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; First solo exhibition at a New York museum since 1970

Exhibition "Victor Vasarely: Founder of Op Art" at the Naples Museum of Art, Naples, FL; First major US retrospective in more than 20 years

"The Los Angeles School" exhibition at the Ben Maltz Gallery, Otis College of Art and Design, Los Angeles, CA, opens in November, curated by Dave Hickey

Ward Jackson dies on February 3 in New York, NY

Pierre Koenig dies on April 4 in Brentwood, CA

Agnes Martin dies on December 16 in Taos, New Mexico

Anne Truitt dies on December 23 in Washington, DC
"Max Gimblett: The Brush of All Things" retrospective exhibition at the Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland, New Zealand; Travels to Wellington, New Zealand

"Constructed Color" exhibition at Artspace in Sydney, Australia; Curated by artist Kyle Jenkins
2005 Blinky Palermo retropective at Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona, Spain

Jesús Rafael Soto dies on January 14 at his home in Paris, France

Marthe Wéry dies

Al Held dies on July 26 in Todi, Italy

Aurelie Nemours dies on January 27 in Paris, France

Julije Knifer dies in Paris, France
The retrospective exhibition "Xul Solar: Visions and Revelations" opens at his namesake museum in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Franz Weissmann dies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Corcoran Gallery of Art organizes a traveling retrospective of artist Sam Gilliam

Elizabeth Murray retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

Joan Snyder retrospective exhibition at the Jewish Museum, New York, NY

Richard Tuttle traveling retrospective exhibition starts at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA

Steven Parrino dies on January 1 in a motorcycle accident in Greenpoint, Brooklyn, NY

Philip Johnson dies on January 25 in New Canaan, CT

Clement Meadmore dies on February 19 in New York, NY

Robert Slutzky dies on May 10 in Abington, PA

Al Loving dies in New York on June 21

Alan Shields dies
Sydney Non Objective opens first exhibition space, Factory 11, in Sydney, Australia

Kenzo Tange dies on March 22 in Tokyo, Japan
2006 Non Objectif Sud is founded by artist Andrew Huston in La Barraliere, Tulette, France   Ron Gorchov retrospective exhibition at P.S.1 in Queens, NY

Katy Siegel and David Reed organize the traveling exhibition "High Times, Hard Times: New York Painting 1967-1975", the first exhibition of its kind

Larry Zox dies on December 16 in Connecticut

Rudolf de Crignis dies on December 23 in New York, NY
2007 Op Art survey exhibition at Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Germany

Hans Wegner dies on January 26 in Copenhagen, Denmark

Bernd Becher dies on June 22 in Rostock, Germany

Concrete Art dealer and collector Heinz Teufel dies in Germany
  Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, acquires the world-renowned Adolpho Leirner Collection of Brazilian Constructive Art; The collection, which consists of the finest examples of geometric abstraction in paintings, constructions, drawings, posters, and graphic materials by Brazil’s foremost artists of the post-World War II era, has long been regarded as a brilliant window into the seminal decades of Brazil´s modernization

Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, TX, mounts a retrospective of the work of Helio Oiticica; The museum also acquires the Adolpho Leirner Collection of Brazilian Constructive Art

Optic Nerve: Perceptual Art of the 1960s exhibition at the Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio; First comprehensive survey of Op Art by an American museum in more than 25 years

Metaphor Contemporary Art in Brooklyn, NY, mounts the first retrospective exhibition of the work of Ward Jackson

Artist Gilbert Hsiao launches the blog Perceptual Art Observer, concerning the history and ongoing development of Op Art

Dan Christensen dies on January 20 in Easthampton, NY

Sol Lewitt dies on April 8 in New York, NY

Jeremy Blake dies on July 17 in New York, NY

Elizabeth Murray dies on August 12 in upstate New York
2008     Art dealer John Weber dies in Hudson, NY; Weber was an early advocate of Conceptual and Post-Minimalism, as well as Italian Arte Povera

Edna Andrade dies on April 17 in Philadelphia, PA
2009 Max Neuhaus dies on February 3 in Maratea, Italy

Ib Geertsen dies on June 3 in Denmark

Manfred Jäger dies
  Frederick Hammersley dies on May 31 in Albuquerque, NM

Peter Forakis dies on November 26 in Petaluma, CA
Julian Dashper dies on July 30 in Auckland, New Zealand